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Nov 20, 2013

Funny Image about Programming Language

Funny Image about Programming Language

Nov 19, 2013

Bharat Ratna Award


Bharat Ratna (Jewel of India or Gem of India)

Bharat Ratna
          ‘Bharat Ratna’ is the India's highest civilian award given by the Government of India.It was instituted in the year 1954 by Rajendra Prasad, President of India. Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for this award. It is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field . The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister himself to the President.The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.The recipient of the award receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion. The Award does not carry any monetary grant.

Image Description : An image of the Sun along with the words "Bharat Ratna", inscribed in Devanagari script, on a peepul leaf.It is of toned bronze. The reverse was to carry the state emblem and motto.The emblem, the sun and the rim are of platinum. The inscriptions are in burnished bronze.It was to be worn around the neck from a white ribbon.

List of Bharat Ratna Recipients


S.no
Name
Awarded
Details
1.
Chakravarti Rajgopalachari
Tamil Nadu.

1954
Independence activist, last Governor-General.
2.
C. V. Raman
Tamil Nadu.

1954
Physicist
3.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Tamil Nadu.

1954
Philosopher, India's First Vice President (1952-1962), and India's Second President(1962-1967)
4.
Bhagwan Das
Uttar Pradesh
1955
Independence activist, author, Founder of Kashi Vidya Peeth
5.
Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya
Karnataka
1955
Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore
6.
Jawaharlal Nehru
Uttar Pradesh
1955
Independence activist, author, first Prime Minister
7.
Govind Ballabh Pant
Uttar Pradesh
1957
Independence activist, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Home Minister
8.
Dhondo Keshav Karve
Maharashtra
1958
Educator, social reformer
9.
Bidhan Chandra Roy
West Bengal
1961
Physician, Chief Minister of West Bengal
10.
Purushottam Das Tandon
Uttar Pradesh
1961
Independence activist, educator
11.
Rajendra Prasad
Bihar

1962
Independence activist, jurist, first President
12.
Zakir Hussain
Andhra Pradesh
1963
Independence activist, Scholar, third President
13.
Pandurang Vaman Kane
Maharashtra
1963
Indologist and Sanskrit scholar
14.
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Uttar Pradesh
1966
Posthumous, independence activist, second Prime Minister
15.
Indira Gandhi
Uttar Pradesh

1971
Third Prime Minister
16.
V. V. Giri
Orissa
1975
Trade unionist and fourth President
17.
K. Kamaraj
Tamil Nadu
1976
Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu State
18.
Mother Teresa
West Bengal
1980
Catholic nun, founder of the Missionaries of Charity
19.
Vinoba Bhave
Maharashtra
1983
Posthumous, social reformer, independence activist
20.
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
Pakistan
1987
First non-citizen, independence activist
21.
M. G. Ramachandran
Tamil Nadu
1988
Posthumous, film actor, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
22.
B. R. Ambedkar
Maharashtra
1990
Posthumous, Chief architect of the Indian Constitution,Crusader against Untouchablity, Dalit Icon, Social Reformer, Historian, politician, economist, and scholar
23.
Nelson Mandela
South Africa
1990
Second non-citizen and non-Indian recipient, Leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement
24.
Rajiv Gandhi
Uttar Pradesh
1991
Posthumous, Sixth Prime Minister
25.
Vallabhbhai Patel
Gujarat
1991
Posthumous, independence activist, first Home Minister
26.
Morarji Desai
Gujarat
1991
Independence activist, fourth Prime Minister
27.
Abul Kalam Azad
West Bengal
1992
Posthumous, independence activist, first Minister of Education
28.
J. R. D. Tata
Maharashtra
1992
Industrialist and philanthropist
29.
Satyajit Ray
West Bengal
1992
Filmmaker
30.
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Delhi
1997
Aeronautical Engineer,11th President of India
31.
Gulzarilal Nanda
Gujarat
1997
Independence activist, interim Prime Minister
32.
Aruna Asaf Ali
Delhi
1997
Posthumous, independence activist
33.
M. S. Subbulakshmi
Tamil Nadu
1998
Carnatic classical singer
34.
Chidambaram Subramaniam
Tamil Nadu
1998
Independence activist, Minister of Agriculture
35.
Jayaprakash Narayan
Bihar
1999
Posthumous, independence activist and politician
36.
Ravi Shankar
United States
1999
Sitar player
37.
Amartya Sen
United Kingdom
1999
Economist
38.
Gopinath Bordoloi
Assam

1999
Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Assam
39.
Lata Mangeshkar
Maharashtra
2001
Playback singer
40.
Ustad Bismillah Khan
Uttar Pradesh

2001
Hindustani classical shehnai player
41.
Bhimsen Joshi
Karnataka
2008
Hindustani classical singer
42.
C. N. R. Rao
      Karnataka

2014
(announced)
Scientist
43.
Sachin Tendulkar
Maharashtra
2014
(announced)
Cricketer


14 Must-Know National Symbols of India



National Symbols of India - Quick Facts


No.
Title
Symbol
Image
  1.
National Flag
Flag of India by Pingali Venkayya(Indian Tricolour)
2.
National Emblem
National Emblem of India(Lion Capital of Asoka)
3.
National Calendar
Indian national calendar (Saka calendar)
4.
National anthem
"Jana Gana Mana" by Rabindranath Tagore
5.
National song
Vande Mataram by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
6.
National flower
Indian lotus
7.
National fruit
Mango
8.
National river
Ganga River
9.
National tree
Indian Banyan or Indian fig tree
10.
National animal
Royal Bengal Tiger
11.
National aquatic animal
Gangetic Dolphin
12.
National bird
Indian Peacock
13.
National Currency Symbol
Indian Rupee
14.
National game
Hockey